crontab – Scheduling moshell command


For Scheduling your task in Ericsson Moshell command, we can use crontab like in bash unix and combine with mobatch command.

connect your network, for see the list activated crontab with this script

Script: crontab -l
Result: 25 08 * * * /home/nw/ridho/test_crontab.sh>/home/nw/ridho/log
Explanation:
this crontab regulary run script test_crontab.sh every day in 08.25 and save the log /home/eadmwil/ridho/log
sample this sh test_crontab.sh is mobatch: /opt/../opt/ericsson/amos/moshell/mobatch -t 0 -p 40 ridho/IP_RBS_3G.txt “ylt all;rbs;rbs;cabx;rbs;rbs;q;”
we could see the mobacth with command cabx, for example for see the Digital unit Status every day without manually mobatch

Script: crontab -e
Explanation: this script for editing crontab or add new script in crontab list, for editing/adding line for this script we can use vi command like dd=delete line, dw=delete word, a=instert after, i=instert, :wq=save and quit

Script: crontab -r
Explanation: Remove all active crontab

the interesting fact how we make a schedule with this configuration

25 08 * * * = every day in 08.25
25 = minute(0-59)
08 = hour(0-23)
* = day_of_the_month (1-31)
* = month_of_the_year_(1-12)
* = day_of_the _week_(0-6 with 0=Sunday)

0 12,14,16 * * * = Run the script every day at 12:00, 14:00 and 16:00
30 13 * * 0 = Run the script every Sunday at 13:30
0 12,14,16 * * 6 = Run the script every Saturday at 12:00, 14:00 and 16:00.
0 0 1,15,20 * * = Run the script on the first, fifteenth and twentieth of every month
0 */3 * * * = Run the script every day from 3 to 3 hours: 00:00, 03:00, 06:00 etc.

this is full doc for crontab from oss ericsson

User Commands crontab(1)

NAME
crontab – user crontab file

SYNOPSIS
/usr/bin/crontab [filename]

/usr/bin/crontab -e [username]

/usr/bin/crontab -l [username]

/usr/bin/crontab -r [username]

/usr/xpg4/bin/crontab [filename]

/usr/xpg4/bin/crontab -e [username]

/usr/xpg4/bin/crontab -l [username]

/usr/xpg4/bin/crontab -r [username]

/usr/xpg6/bin/crontab [filename]

/usr/xpg6/bin/crontab -e [username]

/usr/xpg6/bin/crontab -l [username]

/usr/xpg6/bin/crontab -r [username]

DESCRIPTION
The crontab utility manages a user’s access with cron (see
cron(1M)) by copying, creating, listing, and removing cron-
tab files. If invoked without options, crontab copies the
specified file, or the standard input if no file is speci-
fied, into a directory that holds all users’ crontabs.

If crontab is invoked with filename, this overwrites an
existing crontab entry for the user that invokes it.

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User Commands crontab(1)

crontab Access Control
Users: Access to crontab is allowed:

o if the user’s name appears in
/etc/cron.d/cron.allow.

o if /etc/cron.d/cron.allow does not exist and the
user’s name is not in /etc/cron.d/cron.deny.

Users: Access to crontab is denied:

o if /etc/cron.d/cron.allow exists and the user’s
name is not in it.

o if /etc/cron.d/cron.allow does not exist and user’s
name is in /etc/cron.d/cron.deny.

o if neither file exists, only a user with the
solaris.jobs.user authorization is allowed to sub-
mit a job.

o if BSM audit is enabled, the user’s shell is not
audited and the user is not the crontab owner. This
can occur if the user logs in by way of a program,
such as some versions of SSH, which does not set
audit parameters.

The rules for allow and deny apply to root only if the
allow/deny files exist.

The allow/deny files consist of one user name per line.

crontab Entry Format
A crontab file consists of lines of six fields each. The
fields are separated by spaces or tabs. The first five are
integer patterns that specify the following:

minute (0-59),
hour (0-23),
day of the month (1-31),
month of the year (1-12),
day of the week (0-6 with 0=Sunday).

Each of these patterns can be either an asterisk (meaning
all legal values) or a list of elements separated by commas.
An element is either a number or two numbers separated by a

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User Commands crontab(1)

minus sign (meaning an inclusive range). Time specified here
is interpreted in the timezone of the cron(1M) daemon, which
is set system-wide in /etc/default/init. Entries do not use
the invoking user’s timezone. The specification of days can
be made by two fields (day of the month and day of the
week). Both are adhered to if specified as a list of ele-
ments. See EXAMPLES.

The sixth field of a line in a crontab file is a string that
is executed by the shell at the specified times. A percent
character in this field (unless escaped by \) is translated
to a NEWLINE character.

Only the first line (up to a `%’ or end of line) of the com-
mand field is executed by the shell. Other lines are made
available to the command as standard input. Any blank line
or line beginning with a `#’ is a comment and is ignored.

The shell is invoked from your $HOME directory with an arg0
of sh. Users who desire to have their .profile executed must
explicitly do so in the crontab file. cron supplies a
default environment for every shell, defining HOME, LOGNAME,
SHELL(=/bin/sh), TZ, and PATH. The default PATH for user
cron jobs is /usr/bin; while root cron jobs default to
/usr/sbin:/usr/bin. The default PATH can be set in
/etc/default/cron (see cron(1M)).

If you do not redirect the standard output and standard
error of your commands, any generated output or errors are
mailed to you.

Setting cron Jobs Across Timezones
The timezone of the cron daemon sets the system-wide
timezone for cron entries. This, in turn, is by set by
default system-wide using /etc/default/init.

If some form of daylight savings or summer/winter time is in
effect, then jobs scheduled during the switchover period
could be executed once, twice, or not at all.

OPTIONS
The following options are supported:

-e Edits a copy of the current user’s crontab file, or
creates an empty file to edit if crontab does not
exist. When editing is complete, the file is installed
as the user’s crontab file.

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User Commands crontab(1)

The environment variable EDITOR determines which edi-
tor is invoked with the -e option. All crontab jobs
should be submitted using crontab. Do not add jobs by
just editing the crontab file, because cron is not
aware of changes made this way.

If all lines in the crontab file are deleted, the old
crontab file is restored. The correct way to delete
all lines is to remove the crontab file using the -r
option.

If username is specified, the specified user’s crontab
file is edited, rather than the current user’s crontab
file. This can only be done by root or by a user with
the solaris.jobs.admin authorization.

-l Lists the crontab file for the invoking user. Only
root or a user with the solaris.jobs.admin authoriza-
tion can specify a username following the -l option to
list the crontab file of the specified user.

-r Removes a user’s crontab from the crontab directory.
Only root or a user with the solaris.jobs.admin
authorization can specify a username following the -r
option to remove the crontab file of the specified
user.

EXAMPLES
Example 1 Cleaning up Core Files

This example cleans up core files every weekday morning at
3:15 am:

15 3 * * 1-5 find $HOME -name core 2>/dev/null | xargs rm-f

Example 2 Mailing a Birthday Greeting

This example mails a birthday greeting:

0 12 14 2 * mailx john%Happy Birthday!%Time for lunch.

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Example 3 Specifying Days of the Month and Week

This example runs a command on the first and fifteenth of
each month, as well as on every Monday:

0 0 1,15 * 1

To specify days by only one field, the other field should be
set to *. For example:

0 0 * * 1

would run a command only on Mondays.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment
variables that affect the execution of crontab: LANG,
LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

/usr/bin/crontab
EDITOR Determine the editor to be invoked when the -e
option is specified. This is overridden by the
VISUAL environmental variable. The default editor
is ed(1).

PATH The search path used to find the default ed util-
ity.

VISUAL Determine the visual editor to be invoked when the
-e option is specified. If VISUAL is not speci-
fied, then the environment variable EDITOR is
used. If that is not set, the default is ed(1).

/usr/xpg4/bin/crontab
EDITOR Determine the editor to be invoked when the -e
option is specified. The default editor is
/usr/xpg4/bin/vi(1).

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/usr/xpg6/bin/crontab
EDITOR Determine the editor to be invoked when the -e
option is specified. The default editor is
/usr/xpg6/bin/vi(1).

EXIT STATUS
The following exit values are returned:

0 Successful completion.

>0 An error occurred.

FILES
/etc/cron.d main cron directory

/etc/cron.d/cron.allow list of allowed users

/etc/default/cron contains cron default settings

/etc/cron.d/cron.deny list of denied users

/var/cron/log accounting information

/var/spool/cron/crontabs spool area for crontab

ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri-
butes:

/usr/bin/crontab
____________________________________________________________
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|
| Availability | SUNWcsu |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|
| Interface Stability | Standard |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|

/usr/xpg4/bin/crontab

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User Commands crontab(1)

____________________________________________________________
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|
| Availability | SUNWxcu4 |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|
| Interface Stability | Standard |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|

/usr/xpg6/bin/crontab
____________________________________________________________
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|
| Availability | SUNWxcu6 |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|
| Interface Stability | Standard |
|_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO
atq(1), atrm(1), auths(1), ed(1), sh(1), vi(1), cron(1M),
su(1M), auth_attr(4), attributes(5), environ(5), stan-
dards(5)

NOTES
If you inadvertently enter the crontab command with no argu-
ments, do not attempt to get out with Control-d. This
removes all entries in your crontab file. Instead, exit with
Control-c.

When updating cron, check first for existing crontab entries
that can be scheduled close to the time of the update. Such
entries can be lost if the update process completes after
the scheduled event. This can happen because, when cron is
notified by crontab to update the internal view of a user’s
crontab file, it first removes the user’s existing internal
crontab and any internal scheduled events. Then it reads the
new crontab file and rebuilds the internal crontab and
events. This last step takes time, especially with a large
crontab file, and can complete after an existing crontab
entry is scheduled to run if it is scheduled too close to
the update. To be safe, start a new job at least 60 seconds
after the current date and time.

Simultaneous modifications of the same crontab file may lead
to unexpected results.